Distinguishing Characteristics of the Types of Hearing Loss

Types of Hearing LossThe auditory system allows people to perceive sound and interpret what they mean. It is only possible to hear sounds and make sense of them when the organs of hearing within the ear, and the parts of the brain that process the information, are functioning at full capacity. When any of the components of the auditory system become injured by trauma or damaged by disease, hearing loss occurs.

There are many cases when Oticon hearing aids restore function to a certain degree. The Hearing Care Shop says this is one of the world’s most popular manufacturers of hearing aids. But before getting the aid, know the kind of hearing loss you have.

Types of hearing loss

There are three main types. The third one–mixed hearing loss–is a combination of the other two. The type and severity of the problem with the auditory system can only be ascertained with a comprehensive evaluation. An audiological exam comprising of various tests will reveal the true nature of the problem and see if the patient has sensorineural and conductive hearing loss.

Conductive loss

Conductive loss occurs when the middle ear or outer ear sustains some form of damage. Surgical and medical procedures are successful in treating conductive loss, which often arises when there’s excess fluid in the middle ear, or when the eardrum becomes perforated. Sometimes, the cause is the accumulation of earwax.

Sensorineural loss

Sensorineural hearing loss, which involves permanent damage, is the most common of the three types. The auditory nerve that carries signals to the brain can fall prey to disease. In other cases, the hair-like cells in the inner ear function poorly due to acute trauma or chronic illness.

Infection and exposure to loud noise are two main causes of sensorineural loss. In some instances, ear specialists are unable to determine the exact cause of permanent hearing damage. People suffering from this problem may hear sounds, but the quality and clarity is poor, or there is marked distortion.

Hearing devices help many people with hearing loss. To determine whether it can help you manage the problem, consult an ear doctor or an audiologist immediately.